Legislation in each state
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One of the most powerful ways you can help dogs on puppy factories is to write to your local MP and let them know you won't tolerate this type of cruelty.
Each state in Australia has their own legislation in regards to puppy factories. Some states have passed progressive legislation but other states have done very little to protect the welfare of dogs. What is needed is national consistency. Read what each state is doing, and then send your local MP an email.
- Puppy factories and the sale of animals in pet shops remains legal.
- Queensland has implemented a Breeder ID system and since May 2017 anyone who advertises a puppy for sale must display their 'Breeder ID number' including in all online ads.
- There are no caps on dog numbers allowed to be kept on QLD puppy factories.
- There are no litter limits and breeding dogs can legally be bred from their first season 6-9 months (as long as they are 'physically mature, fit, healthy') until they cannot physically produce any more puppies.
- Cruel back-to-back breeding allowed.
- Legal to kill dogs that are no longer required by the puppy farmer.
- Anyone in charge of the dogs at the puppy factory can kill dogs no longer required by any means as long as its 'humane'. There is no requirement for a vet to be called.
- No time requirements for exercise, socialisation or enrichment as long as its 'once a day'.
- Soft bedding is not a requirement.
New South Wales
- Puppy factories remain legal as does the sale of animals in pet shops.
- Code of Practice isn't linked to any legislation that triggers its use, therefore puppy factories can operate without any inspections for many years, some have never been inspected. The industry in NSW is mainly self regulated.
- There are no caps on dog numbers, and no caps on litter limits.
- The first state in Australia to ban the sale of animals in pet shops unless they are from a registered shelter, rescue group or pound. This law comes into effect on 1 July 2018.
- The first state in Australia to introduce a cap on dog numbers and a limit on how many litters a dog can have. From April 2018 puppy farmers must not replace breeding stock and must start to phase down to 10 females by 2020.
- First state in Australia to legislate a mandatory vet health check for every dog prior to breeding and post whelping.
- Implemented a public searchable online Pet Exchange Register. Anyone who wants to sell a companion animal must register their details and their 'breeder ID' number must be placed in all online adds. No breeder ID = no ad can be placed.
- Penalties apply to any online trading site who allows ads to be published without a pet exchange register number. The Pet Exchange Register commences 1 July 2019.
- Introduced a Code of Practice in 2017.
- The code has many loopholes, including allowing a puppy farmer to kill their breeding dogs by any means except drowning and as long as it "causes death or unconsciousness as rapidly as possible".
- The code also allows breeding dogs to be confined for 23 hours 30 minutes daily.
- Allows for the sale of animals in pet shops.
- Introduced mandatory desexing of all pups and kittens born after July 2018 (exemptions apply for registered breeders and working dogs).
- Puppy factories and the sale of animals in pet shops remain legal.
- The current Labor Government are drafting legislation that if passed will ban the sale of animals in pet shops, and will be similar to the Victorian legislation.
- The public discussion paper was launched 3 May 2018 and we encourage everyone to read this and provide feedback to the WA state Government.
- Puppy factories are legal.
- The sale of animals in pet shops is legal.
- There is no cap on the numbers of dogs kept on puppy factories.
- The legislation states that puppy farmers must have a specific area on the property where they can take the dogs to be killed.
- Dogs cannot be killed in front of other dogs or other people unless the person killing the dog agrees to allow people present.
- Introduced a Code of Practice and a 'breeders licence' system in 2015.
- Sale of animals in pet shops still allowed within the ACT.